April 21st: United Nations Votes to Grant Independence to Ambazonia


Venard E. Rhema Ambanews24, Netherlands

Not even a corona virus epidemic could delay it. Ethiopia, India, Ireland, Jordan, Liberia, Nepal, New Zealand, Pakistan, Morocco, Saudi Arabia and Sudan have submitted a joint draft resolution to the United Nations General Assembly. At the heart of that resolution is the independence of Ambazonia.

The tension is high. But first, the speeches that create an aura of formality and seriousness in the business of the greatest assembly in the world must be heard – none from the leaders of Ambazonia, though. Others will speak, but none is there now to represent and speak for Ambazonia.

Do you believe God exist? If there has ever been a time He will speak for his own people in absentia, it is now!

And then accompanying the draft resolution are almost a hundred pages of statements. One is from the Cameroun Minister of Commerce and Industry (A/C.4/495), another from Matib Mayi concerning statements that were made at the 4th committee on the reunification debacle (A/C.4/496) and a third from Namaso Mbile as was made at the 1147th meeting (A/C.4/490) – those are three statements from the government of Cameroun. Nigeria also has a say as there is included in the package a statement made at the 1148th meeting (A/C.4/492). Britain has ensured its own side of the story is included (A/C.4/491). And as is the tradition in this organization, how can there be independence of a territory without a referendum? So, a statement from the Commissioner charged with the supervision of such vote as made at the 1141th (A/C. 4/485), at the 1145th (A/C.4/485) and at the 1145th (A/C.4/488) meetings are also part of the large package. Behold – there isn’t a single statement in there from the leaders of Ambazonia themselves.

The fate of the people of Ambazonia is about to be decided, but without a single statement from the people concerned on whether that draft resolution on their quest and right to independence.

There is confusion in the room. Why? The Central Africa republic, Chad, Congo, Gabon, Ivory Coast, Niger, Senegal – all of them francophonie countries under the spell of France have introduced another resolution that has nothing to do with ensuring that Ambazonia is actually free. That is eventually abandoned as it gains no immediate traction.

Discussions in plenary ensue. Shall Ambazonia become independent or not? All that transpired in Meeting 894 is critical.

Then the vote is cast: 64 votes in favor, 23 votes against, and 10 countries abstain.

The date is 21st April 1961. The Resolution is UN General Assembly Resolution 1608 (XV) which had been submitted in draft form by the Fourth Committee.

By that resolution, and by that vote, the General Assembly has done four things:

  • endorsed the results of the plebiscites that the people of the Northern Cameroons had, by a substantial majority, decided to “achieve independence by joining” the independent Federation of Nigeria and the people of the Southern Cameroons (now “Ambazonia”) had similarly decided to “achieve independence by joining” the independent Republic of Cameroun;
  • considered that, the people of the two parts of the Trust Territory having secretly expressed their wishes with regard to their respective futures in accordance with General Assembly Resolutions 1352 (XIV) and 1473 (XIV), the decisions made by them through democratic processes under the supervision of the United Nations should be immediately implemented; and
  •  accordingly decided that, the plebiscites of February 11, 1961, having been taken separately with differing results, the Trusteeship Agreement of 13 December 1946 should be terminated, in accordance with Article 76 b of the Charter and in agreement with the Administering Authority, in the following manner: (a) with respect to the Northern Cameroons, on 1 June 1961, upon its “joining” the Federation of Nigeria as a separate province of the Northern Region of Nigeria; and (b) with respect to the Southern Cameroons, on 1 October 1961, upon its “joining” the Republic of Cameroun; and
  • Finally, and here is the most important part, the Assembly invited the Administering Authority, the Government of the Southern Cameroons and the Republic of Cameroun to initiate urgent discussions with a view to finalizing, before 1 October 1961, the arrangements by which the agreed and declared policies of the parties concerned would be implemented.

Has Ambazonia become independent or not? What does “independent by joining” the Republic of Cameroun mean? How can we be independent and yet be in Cameroun? Does that mean Ambazonia is independent from Britain, but recolonized by Cameroun?

The only way this august UN assembly can spare itself the insinuation of beginning another wave of colonization in the 1960s is to ask Cameroun and Ambazonia, in the presence of Britain to set the terms of how they will live together, to sign those agreed upon terms and policies in what international law broadly calls a “union treaty” before 1 October 1961. Without the signatures of the parties ratifying such agreed upon terms, the presence of Cameroun in Ambazonia will be nothing but an act of invasion, annexation, and recolonization.

And so it was that without a union treaty ratified by the parliament of the Southern Cameroons (Ambazonia) in Buea and bearing the signature of John Ngu Foncha as Prime Minister, Ahmadou Ahidjo of Cameroun unleashed its troop to invade Ambazonia on September 27, 1961. And since then, as the Bible laments of earth for Satan having been cast unto it have the people of Ambazonia lamented their tyranny under the Republic of Cameroun for six decades.

Crowds of Ambazonians demonstrate for their freedom from Cameroun, and their independence and sovereignty

Their culture destroyed; their legal systems sidelined; their economic institutions and industries shutdown; their resources exploited with impunity; their healthcare abandoned to the mercy of death and religious men in churches; their education reduced to a piece of paper; the political life of democracy replaced by prebendalism and electoral corruption at a scale unthinkable even by Lucifer; their social bonds attacked through “regionalism” and tribalism; their faces powdered by dust and mud from their so-called “roads”; their streets dyed red with their blood as over 13,000 of them have been killed by Cameroun soldiers; hundreds of their women raped; 900,000 of their children out of school; over 200,000 of them “normading” around the world as refugees and asylees; millions of them in exile as men and women whose souls thirst for a resting place without one to call their home; and 400 of their towns and villages roasted with fire by the Cameroun military. Is this the life of a people that achieved independence on 21st April 1961? No! It is the fate of a people colonized, a people called “rats” and “Le Biafra” in the very land of their own birth, a people enslaved and now being annihilated!

But behold, the fate of 8million men and women and billions of others in their future generation hangs on the balance! Their future lies in their hands. It depends on their determination, their financial commitment, and their readiness to be led by bold and strategic leadership of the sort men like Dr. Cho Lucas Ayaba and others educate them on daily. It depends on their readiness to die standing for what is theirs than surrender to nincompoops east of the Mongo.

What happens in the next five years, ten years and beyond depends on what they decide to do with themselves and their future today. Brave men and women are in battle with dane guns and an army with machine guns has been incapable of defeating them for four years. The war is raging on as every counterinsurgency action of the Cameroun government rather swells the ranks of the Ambazonia Defense Forces. “Two cubes of sugar” as the Yaoundé regime called them have refused to melt; and the once and for all true independence of Ambazonia is but a matter of time – for the pendulum of freedom swings for long, but it eventually settles on the side of truth and justice for the oppressed.